Montevallo Road extends presently from an eastern terminus at 16th Street in Irondale, through the Eastwood section of Birmingham, through Crestline Heights in northern Mountain Brook, past the southern edge of the Country Club of Birmingham through the center of Mountain Brook Village to the western edge of Mountain Brook where it becomes Hollywood Boulevard at the Birmingham city limits, just prior to crossing Highway 280.
Another section picks up as part of Alabama Highway 119 at U. S. Highway 31 in Alabaster and continues south. A third section exists, again as part of Alabama Highway 119, in Leeds from Ashville Road (just off Parkway Drive) southwest to where it becomes Eastern Valley Road.
Montevallo Road predates Birmingham and the Civil War and was once part of the Nashville to Montgomery Road. It intersected with the Georgia Road at Red Gap, where the railroads also crossed Red Mountain in the area that later became Irondale.
 Notable locations
 Jefferson County
- 1900: Thomas Rowan residence
- 3225: former site of Knesseth Israel Congregation
- 3631: Mountain Brook Baptist Church
- 4151: McElwain commissary, the "oldest house in Shades Valley"
- 4445: McElwain Baptist Church and McElwain Christian Academy
- 4447: McElwain Elementary School
- 4500: Shops on Montevallo
- former site of Starlite Drive-In, Eastwood