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1877 was the sixth year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.


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Pedro Gusman in 1921





In 1877, Emile Berliner invented the microphone. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake debuted. Crazy Horse surrendered to the U.S. Army. Henry Ossian Flipper became the first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point. Asaph Hall discovered Deimos and Phobos, the moons of Mars. Thomas Edison announced and demonstrated his invention of the phonograph.

Notable books published in 1877 included The Dance of Death by Ambrose Bierce, Black Beauty by Anna Sewell, Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy, The American Senator by Anthony Trollope, and Off on a Comet by Jules Verne. Notable music composed in 1877 included "Chopsticks" by Arthur de Lulli, the ballet La Bayadère by Leon Minkus, and the opera Samson et Dalila by Camille Saint-Saëns.

Notable births in 1877 included mathematician G. H. Hardy, French politician André Maginot, inventor Garrett Morgan, writer Hermann Hesse, motoring and aviation pioneer Charles Rolls, chemist Francis William Aston, jazz musician Buddy Bolden, actress Claire McDowell, and author William Hope Hodgson. Notable deaths included inventor Alexander Bain, entrepreneur Cornelius Vanderbilt, Mormon leader Brigham Young, Sioux chief Crazy Horse, photographer Henry Fox Talbot, and painter Gustave Courbet.

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