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1880 was the ninth year after the founding of the City of Birmingham.





Lloyd Noland courtesy BPL Archives



  • Franklin Glass achieved his master's degree at Princeton University.
  • John Phillips graduated Marietta College in Marietta, Ohio, with a bachelor of arts.



In 1880, Wabash, Indiana became the first electrically lit city in the world. France annexed Tahiti. James Garfield defeated Winfield S. Hancock in the presidential election. Australian bushranger and bank robber Ned Kelly was hanged. The First Boer War began.

Notable books published in 1880 included The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ by Lew Wallace, and Nana by Emile Zola. Notable music composed in 1880 included "Sailing, Sailing" by Godfrey Marks, Symphony No. 6 in D major, op. 60 by Antonín Dvořák, and 1812 Overture by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

Notable births included army general Douglas MacArthur, actor W.C. Fields, spokeswoman Helen Keller, journalist H. L. Mencken, sculptor Jacob Epstein, and Secretary of State George Marshall. Notable deaths included novelist Lydia Maria Child, composer Jacques Offenbach, and writer Mary Anne Evans (a.k.a. George Eliot).

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