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1886 was the 15th year after the founding of the City of Birmingham.





John Carmichael


Hugo Black







Paul Hayne School with later expansion



In 1886, Karl Benz patented the first successful gasoline-driven automobile, the Benz Patent Motorwagen. The Haymarket affair in Chicago saw an unknown number of people killed an injured when dynamite was thrown at police. Coca-Cola was invented. In Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court ruled that corporations have the same rights as living persons. President Grover Cleveland married Frances Folsom in the White House, becoming the only president to wed in the executive mansion. A major earthquake struck Charleston, South Carolina. Apache leader Geronimo surrendered with his last band of warriors to General Nelson Miles at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in New York Harbor. Heinrich Hertz verified the existence of the electromagnetic waves.

Literature published in 1886 included Little Lord Fauntleroy by Frances Hodgson Burnett, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson, and The Death of Ivan Ilyich by Leo Tolstoy. Music published included "Semper Fidelis" by John Philip Sousa and The Carnival of the Animals by Camille Saint-Saëns.

Notable births in 1886 included comic actor Charles Ruggles, stop motion animator Willis O'Brien, photographer Edward Weston, blues singer Ma Rainey, entertainer Al Jolson, mountaineer George Mallory, General Henry H. Arnold, cartoon producer Fred Quimby, actor Ed Wynn, ethologist Karl von Frisch, author Rose Wilder Lane, and baseball player Ty Cobb. Deaths included architect Henry Hobson Richardson, poet Emily Dickinson, inventor John Deere, composer Franz Liszt, and former president Chester A. Arthur.

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