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1912 was the 41st year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.
















Woodlawn Methodist Church was completed in 1912



The year 1912 saw the formal establishment of the Republic of China. New Mexico became the 47th state; Arizona became the 48th. Captain Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four became the second expeditionary group to reach the South Pole. The Girl Scouts were founded by Juliette Gordon Low. The Mayor of Tokyo gave 3,000 cherry trees to be planted in Washington, D.C. The RMS Titanic sank, killing 1,517 passengers and crew. The Olympic Games took place in Stockholm, Sweden. The Novarupta volcano formed on the Alaska Peninsula. Emperor Meiji of Japan died and was succeeded by his son Yoshihito, who became Emperor Taishō. Woodrow Wilson defeated incumbent William Howard Taft and former president Theodore Roosevelt in the presidential election. The skull of paleoanthropological hoax Piltdown Man was presented to the Geological Society of London.

Notable fiction published in 1912 included The Lost World by Arthur Conan Doyle, Riders of the Purple Sage by Zane Grey, The Judgement by Franz Kafka, Death in Venice by Thomas Mann; Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burroughs, and The Tale of Mr. Tod by Beatrix Potter.

Notable music released in 1912 included the premiere performance of Gustav Mahler's "Symphony No. 9" and the publication of W. C. Handy's "The Memphis Blues". Senator Elihu Root was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advocating the U.S. entry into World War I in opposition to the German Empire.

Notable births in 1912 included actors Dale Evans, José Ferrer, Gene Kelly, Eleanor Powell, and Cornel Wilde; artist Jackson Pollock; cartoonists Charles Addams and Chuck Jones; Korean president Kim Il-sung; figure skater Sonja Henie; first ladies Lady Bird Johnson and Pat Nixon; golfer Sam Snead; humorist Minnie Pearl; mathematician Alan Turing; musicians John Cage, Perry Como, Woody Guthrie, Lightnin' Hopkins, Georg Solti, and Sonny Boy Williamson II; photographer Gordon Parks; Pope John Paul I; scientist Wernher von Braun; television host Art Linkletter; and writer Studs Terkel.

Deaths included those of activist William Booth; architects Frank Furness and Richard Norman Shaw; artist Lawrence Alma-Tadema; author Bram Stoker; aviator Wilbur Wright; French politician Henri Brisson; Japanese Emperor Meiji; nurse Clara Barton; surgeon Joseph Lister;

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