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1962 was the 91st year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.


Civil Rights Movement







Bo Jackson, born in 1962





See also: List of homicides in 1962





In 1962 the U.S. imposed a trade embargo against Cuba and later withstood the Cuban Missile Crisis. The first Wal-Mart and K-Mart discount stores appeared. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected prime minister of India. The Century 21 World's Fair was held in Seattle, Washington, featuring the Space Needle. Adolf Eichmann was hanged for his war crimes. Scores of Atlanta, Georgia's civic and cultural leaders were killed in the crash of Air Flight France 007. Three men escaped from Alcatraz Island. Spider-Man made his first appearance in Marvel comics. Jackie Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. The Beatles recorded their first single, "Love Me Do". President Kennedy promised to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. African-American James Meredith enrolled at the University of Mississippi. The Second Vatican Council was held. New York's newspaper staffers went on strike.

Top grossing films of 1962 included Lawrence of Arabia, The Longest Day, In Search of the Castaways, That Touch of Mink, and The Music Man. Patty Duke and Anne Bancroft won Oscars for their roles in The Miracle Worker and Gregory Peck won Best Actor for portraying Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird, which also featured Robert Duvall in his film debut.

Notable books published in 1962 included Something Wicked This Way Comes by Ray Bradbury, A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, The Spy Who Loved Me by Ian Fleming, The Thin Red Line by James Jones, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey, Silent Spring by Rachel Carson, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas Kuhn, A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L'Engle, and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn. John Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Popular music in 1962 included the pop hits "Return to Sender" and "Can't Help Falling in Love" by Elvis Presley and "I Can't Stop Loving You" by Ray Charles. The year marked the first recordings by the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. Henry Mancini and Johnny Mercer won Grammys for best song and best album for "Moon River".

Notable births in 1962 included comedians Jim Carrey, Jon Stewart and Craig Ferguson; evangelist Creflo Dollar; actors Wesley Snipes, Tom Cruise, Ralph Fiennes, Cary Elwes, Demi Moore, Matthew Broderick and Jodie Foster; rapper MC Hammer; singers Clint Black, Axl Rose, Jon Bon Jovi, Paula Adbul, Taylor Dayne and Sheryl Crow; authors Chuck Palahniuk and David Foster Wallace; reality show hosts Steve Irwin and Mike Rowe; athletes Darryl Strawberry, Jerry Rice, Doug Flutie, Clyde Drexler, Herschel Walker, and Jackie Joyner-Kersee; and directors David Fincher and Baz Luhrmann.

Notable deaths included actress Marilyn Monroe, gangster Lucky Luciano, musician Stewart Sutcliffe, poet E. E. Cummings, physicist Neils Bohr, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, painter Yves Klein, authors William Faulkner, Herman Hesse and Georges Bataille, and director Tod Browning

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